Fibromyalgia is a common and chronic syndrome that causes body pain, sleep, memory, mood issues, and mental distress.
According to the studies, fibromyalgia causes a painful stir in a way how the brain and spinal cord send signals to our body. Fibromyalgia syndrome affects the muscles and soft tissue causing pain to our body and other discomforts.
Its symptoms can be improved and relieved through certain medications, lifestyle changes, and stress management.
What Are The Treatments For Fibromyalgia?
Symptoms of fibromyalgia can usually be confused with those of arthritis, or joint inflammation. But unlike arthritis, fibromyalgia does not cause joint inflammation.
As per the study conducted by (NIAMS) National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, approximately 5 million adults, out of which most 80 to 90% of women18 years of age or older in the United States are diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Facts On Fibromyalgia
Before getting into the article let’s talk about some fast facts on fibromyalgia.
✅Fibromyalgia leads to pain, fatigue, and other kinds of discomfort.
✅Symptoms of Fibromyalgia and arthritis are quite close but fibromyalgia affects the soft tissue of the body and arthritis on joint inflammation.
✅The cause of this chronic disease is still unknown but the risk factors include rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, and other several autoimmune disorders, such as lupus, and genetic factors.
✅There is no medical cure for this disease but certain behaviors, quality sleep, therapy, exercises, acupuncture can help relieve the symptoms of it.
Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia
Common Symptoms Include:
🔺Pain, fatigue, and tiredness in the soft and fibrous tissues.
🔺Jaw pain and stiffness
🔺Stiff joints and muscles after sleep or in the morning
🔺Disturbed or irregular sleep patterns
🔺painful menstrual periods or irregular cycle
🔺Numbness in the hands and feet or sometimes tingling in the body
🔺Restless leg syndrome (RLS)
🔺Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
🔺Sensitivity is more to cold or heat.
🔺Fibro-fog, difficulty in concentrating.
Other Possible Symptoms:
🔺Low vision or problems with vision.
🔺Depression and anxiety
🔺Cold or flu-like symptoms
A person can suffer from the symptoms of Fibromyalgia at any age in his life but it is most likely to get at the age of 45 years.
Causes Of Fibromyalgia
The exact causes that lead to this chronic disease are still unknown and yet to be discovered. However, in the field of Rheumatology, it has been suggested that fibromyalgia is a disease that leads to increased pain and sensitivity that centrally processes the brain to trigger pain.
Risk factors to the concerning cause –
- Rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
- repetitive injuries
- Traumatic or Physical injuries such as car accidents.
- Central nervous system (CNS) problems
Fibromyalgia may also be hereditary too sometimes. Females who have a close relative with fibromyalgia are likely to more prone to it. Even people with autoimmune diseases, lupus, spinal arthritis are at a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia.
Diagnosis For Fibromyalgia
It might take some time to diagnose this disease as the symptoms are quite resembling those of other conditions, such as hypothyroidism.
The American College of Rheumatology has set some criteria for diagnosing fibromyalgia.
- Symptoms that have been lasting for more than three months.
- No other health concerns would explain the symptoms more clear.
Treatment For Fibromyalgia
As fibromyalgia is hard to manage and requires medical attention for reliving its symptoms.
Each person should have individual treatment according to their symptoms
Treatment may include:
Drugs might vary related to the individual symptoms.
These may include over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and pain relievers.
Antidepressants, such as duloxetine, Cymbalta, and milnacipran, or Savella will help reduce pain. Neurontin and pregabalin or Lyrica are well prescribed for controlling seizures.
A recent review came up suggesting that patients often tend to stop the use of prescribed drugs due to their ineffectiveness in relieving pain or because of their adverse effects.
It is said that regular exercises, aerobics, resistance training, or strength training might help relieve the symptoms of some patients depending on their severity.
After starting the therapy of Acupuncture some patients experience improvement in the symptoms and their quality of life after being diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Maintaining a balanced diet, intake of nuts and seeds more, and having a high-energy diet that is low in sugar can also help in improving the symptoms of fibromyalgia.
There are no medical cures defined for fibromyalgia, but there are treatments available for clearer diagnoses for the symptoms.
Symptoms can improve eventually as long as the patient follows their assigned treatment plan.
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Dr. Jase Neo earned his MS and Phd degree from Columbia University. His interests are centered in general health, mental health, and he is also an accredited cognitive behavioural psychotherapist. He has written articles on the connection between socioeconomic status and health, homelessness, violence, stigma, and discrimination. Now he is researching health disparities by race or ethnicity and socioeconomic status.